Week 7: Work Produced

In this post I will be talking about the different type of colouring and lighting used in some film stills.

thunderpants-carsthunder pants school emblemCapture

These pictures are from Thunderpants (2002). In the film pretty much everything in Patrick’s home town is a sickly green colour expressing his discontent with life, as you can see in the first picture every car is exactly the same model and colour of green. Late in the film when Patrick is more content with his life, as he feels he’s doing something more worthwhile the colouring is warmer oranges as you can see in the last picture.

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This picture is from Wes Anderson’s Moonrise Kingdom (2012). The red of the mans coat directly contrasts the desaturated grey cliffs behind him. I believe that a lot of the colour has been pulled from the background in the original shot to push more emphasis onto the mans coat. The red of the coat is also quite saturated itself; Wes Anderson has a reputation for these kind of colours. So much so that his style is so recognisable you could know it was a Wes Anderson film just by seeing the colours used. There has almost definitely been some digital colour correction to make the scene look like this.

Lighting Task: 3 Point Lighting and Recreating Images

The key light is what illuminates the subject usually at a 30-40° angle. To lower the intensity of the use a dimmer to turn it down or simply move the light backwards. The fill light fills in the shadows on the other side of the subject; the fill light can be a light or a reflector depending on what light you need. The back light is positioned behind the subject and is there to separate the person from the background to add more depth to the image. you can tell when a back light is in use due to there being a slight light around the edges of a person.

Here is the different pictures of a 3-point lighting setup:

Key light only

IMG_0090

Key and Fill light

IMG_0093

Key, Fill and Back light

IMG_0094

Back light

IMG_0097

Fill and Back light

IMG_0098

Recreating Images

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The photo I choose to try and recreate from the film Titanic (1997) was quite clearly produced in a studio and so creating it outside was always going to be difficult. We put the lights in the positions that we wanted to try and get the shadows for the picture, however due to the day being overcast the light had diffused to the level that there were no shadows cast at all and so it made the photo look nothing like the original. The Director of Photography that set up the original photo has used a harsh light that is the sun as the key light for this photo. He has put the scarf around the woman so that the light reflects off of the bright colour of it, or else the dark colours of Jack and Rose’s clothes would have blended.

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This photo I recreated is from Fight Club (1999) I think that I did a better job with this than the first photo, as the shadows on the face mirror more the original photo in this one. One thing I could have done is move the key light back a little more so that the light is just on the side of his head and not so much on his mouth, eyes and nose. I also think I needed a small amount of back light as well due to his hair being quite lit up around the edges.

 

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Week 7: Work Produced

Week 5: Problems and Solutions

One problem we had this week was exposure and white balance. When filming our screen motion tests some of the shots were massively over exposed even though on the camera it looked fine on the camera when we were filming. In future I now know to check both white balance and exposure whenever I change location, however this didn’t help me with my current footage problem. Therefore I used colour correction to try and make the shots usable and look far better. Here is an example of what I did:

Before:                                                                       After:

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I think this was a good solution to the problem I had, as I didn’t have time to go out and reshoot the scene.

Week 5: Problems and Solutions

Week 5: Work Produced

Types of Shots

When would you use each type of shot?

Extreme Close Up: Mainly to show eyes (possibly waking up or pupils reacting to light)

Big Close Up: Show emotion on face

Close up: Show characters reaction to an event/piece of dialogue

Medium Close Up: Conversation with hand movement

Long Shot: Action sequence as full body is seen

Extreme Long Shot: Establishing a scene

Over The Shoulder: Shot reverse shot dialogue scene

Looking into space: An Interview

Moving subject walks into space: Walking scene

Two Shot: Two characters holding hands

Tilted Frame/Dutch angle: To show that something is not right or odd

Low Angle: To show a character is weaker than another

High Angle: To show a character is dominant over another

Practical Task: The Nature of Screen Motion

Here is the Screen Motion video we made:

I think the first shot using the slide came out quite well considering that I had never used a slide before today. The shot had to be cut off short as we attempted a pan to show her walking to the door but it looked very jolty and rough due to the mechanism for turning the camera being too stiff. This was probably because we hadn’t set the slide up properly for what we wanted to do, however we had never used it before so we were learning as we went. We didn’t have time to reshoot it as we had spent nearly half our time getting that one shot. I’ve now learnt that a shot like this complicated and takes a lot of time, as this small project was quite time constrained maybe we should have chosen a less time consuming shot, however it was good practice for next time I use a slide.

I attempted to use screen direction at 0:59 as the actor goes from right to left and then right to left again so that it shows clearly that the actor is going in the same direction. I also chose to use a simple pan

Problems and Solutions: Colour Correction

One problem that we had was the exposure. When we were filming we made sure to adjust the exposure whenever we changed location, however what looked good on the display of the camera did not always resonate onto the computer screen. I used colour correction to try and sort out some of the over exposed shots which was actually quite successful especially the scene in the thumbnail of the video. As the wall was orange in the room, and that made the shot look very orange due to the white balance being slightly off.

Original:                                                         Colour Corrected:

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Here is the before and after. I think even though the task was about different types of screen motion, as the shots didn’t come out too well I thought it was a good opportunity to try out some colour correction and see if a shot that over exposed could be made to look relatively normal. Even though it looks a little dark in places I think I did a good job, as I don’t have a lot of prior practice or knowledge. This will help me for my Winter project as I now have more knowledge of how to colour correct and what kinds of things it can do. I also now know the importance of getting the white balance settings correct when filming and only using colour correction for minor tweaks.

 

 

 

Week 5: Work Produced

Week 4: Problems and Solutions

I was absent from College on the Monday and Tuesday and so I missed out on filming the interviews, however I was given footage and audio from another group to learn how to sync audio. This however turned to be a problem in itself as I had no idea which recordings of audio went with what video. The only solution to this was to listen out for the scene numbers and clapperboards, however the actors often made mistakes and just kept trying again which makes it very difficult to sync as then there is no clapper board to sync with. The only solution to this was to sync it at the clapperboard and then cut the section out where the mistakes were made and the later section was still synced up.

I did have a problem with my audio sync work, as in one of the shots I was trying to sync up the clapperboard was not in shot. This meant I had to precisely try and find the clapperboard sound from the cameras mic recording and sync that up the best I could. The end result came out looking good, however if the audio had been distorted and the same had happened on a real shoot then it would be very difficult to sync up the audio with the footage by just seeing the mouth moving. Even though I wasn’t actually involved in the production of the video it has reminded me to always make sure that the clapper board is always in shot so that this kind of problem doesn’t occur.

Week 4: Problems and Solutions

Week 4: Work Produced

Location Recce

Sound:

Is there any background noise?

Is there echo in the room?

If outside, is it windy?

Is there the sound of traffic or trains?

Can you turn off or remove any of the unwanted sounds?

Visual:

If it’s a public place will the general public get in the way of shots?

Is there natural light?

Are there any unwanted items at the location and can you move/remove them?

Are there reflections that could show any of the equipment or crew members?

Technical:

Is there a power supply to power any equipment that is needed?

Is there sufficient space for all equipment?

Are artificial lights needed?

Here is the professional Location Recce that was provided:

Location Recce Sheet

The professional Location Recce that has been provided is so much more detailed than my own. One of the checks is if a permit is needed and who you need to get it from, e.g. Police, Parking and Fire Dept. This is something I didn’t think of when I was putting together my own checklist. Some things I put that are also on the professional location recce are: sources of power, traffic noise, and public interference. I also didn’t think about putting any information on which project it was, the date of it and my name in case I need to do more than one location recce it would get very confusing.

Social Media

We created Twitter accounts for our film course that we can use to post about the work that we’re doing to do with all of the film projects that we have coming up. We use social media as it is an excellent way to get our films out into the world and for a large amount of people to see it. Basically every single TV show or movie that comes out now uses social media to promote it; usually the actors and directors have accounts that help advertise the movie as well. I setup my Twitter account with the handle (@Bradley_films) as this has my last name in it and has films in it so people roughly know what I will be tweeting about. I am on social media so that I can get more attention on my videos and production processes and get some feedback so that next time I can improve. I thought who I can follow on my account and decided on following some actors and directors, different production companies and some large franchises. I followed Edgar Wright and Evan Goldberg who are famous directors and writers, I also followed Star Wars and Lionsgate. As a class we decided to use the hashtag (#ccfilmsquad) and (#cchalloproject) so that we could all see each others projects. We then made sure to follow each other and retweet each other in order to get maximum reach. So far I have tweeted about setting up my account and have posted my “hello” project with the relevant hashtags. By posting my previous work on the twitter page I have the potential for it to get seen by more people and can then get more feedback on my work.

As I missed the filming and editing time for this task due to illness I used a classmate’s interview footage so that I could still learn the editing skills from the task. I just used one of the questions and answers so that I learnt how to sync up the audio recorded from the shotgun mic and the video footage. To do this I had to set in points at he clapper board on both the video and audio file I was trying to sync; then I went onto AutoSync and set the clips to sync at the in points. The audio was then perfectly in line with the video.

 

Week 4: Work Produced

Week 3: Feedback and Reflections

Reflections:

This week I mainly focused on doing research into different social media websites, what they are, what they do, the limitations they have, and if they are right for me. I did detailed research into Twitter and Instagram as they were the first sites that I thought of. I found out that Twitter was mainly used for text based tweets which is fine for some things, but I did want to have some more visual based interactive media too, therefore I made an Instagram account, as I knew that this was only for pictures and videos to be posted. Instagram looks like a good choice for updates on production that are visual based. The practical task that we did this week was quite helpful for my project as I got the opportunity to record some more audio which I felt I was quite weak at. I did get to record a small bit of dialogue which is something that I feel that I need more practice on, but feel a little more confident about now.

Feedback:

The sounds from your practical are largely good, however the nature recording has a lot of wind and background noise so that is something to work on. Perhaps you could have used a windshield or chosen another location for filming. I also didn’t really understand what the creative sound was.

– Declan Baxter

Week 3: Feedback and Reflections

Week 3: Work Produced

Audio Task: Recording 5 Different Sounds

Audio Task Steven

We recorded sounds for Nature, Technology, Creativity, Rhythm, and Education.

I found that when I set the levels correctly the audio was very clear when recording inside; this can be seen on the technology recording where there was little to no background noise, however if you listen to the nature recording there is a lot of wind and general background noise. I believe this is because I had to turn the gain up due to being far away from the birds and so my audio quality suffered a lot. In retrospect I should have tried to get closer or find another subject to record. I researched into recording audio outside and found this website: http://sound-effects.wonderhowto.com/how-to/record-outdoor-audio-216893/, it had a lot of useful information about recording outside. One element I should consider is using a mic muff/windshield to cancel out the wind and background noise. He also talked about when filming ambient audio for a scene to always film enough to cover the entire scene, instead of just roughly how much you think you’ll need; which was helpful.

Before this task I felt I needed to do more work on recording dialogue, but with this task I did record some dialogue for the education recording so now I feel a little more confident, as that came out with little to no background noise. I would still like to do some more practice with a boom mic however.

I did some further research into recording dialogue and this website came up: http://www.indie-film-making.com/recording-dialogue/ one section says “Lavaliers are the small mics that clip to a tie or shirt and can be either wireless or wired. These are generally suitable for interview-style filmmaking, but you’re not going to want one hanging off your talent while you film action shots or dialogue during a dramatic scene”[1]. This is helpful for me as I would like to have a lot of interviews in my production and so getting some lavaliers would be very useful. I looked into the prices of lavaliers and at http://www.amazon.co.uk/s/ref=nb_sb_noss_2/278-2738274-8127626?url=search-alias%3Daps&field-keywords=lavalier you can buy one for under £7 and so if there aren’t any available at college I can buy one for relatively cheap.

I also found on the video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gs9eBX-61ts that “A shotgun mic is the standard device used to grab audio on film and television production sets.”[2] I then researched some more into microphones and found that the shotgun microphone is probably best for recording dialogue for my production when not an interview scene.

[1] Indie. (2011). Recording Dialogue. Available: http://www.indie-film-making.com/recording-dialogue/. Last accessed 19/01/2016.

[2] Videomaker. (2008). Videomaker – Outdoor Audio 2. Available at:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gs9eBX-61ts. Last accessed 19/01/2016

 

Week 3: Work Produced